How To Fight and Win Cheque Bounce Case

How to Successfully Navigate a Cheque Bounce Case in India


Cheque bounce cases are unfortunately common in India. However, the law provides remedies for such situations under the Negotiable Instruments Act, 1881. Here’s a step-by-step guide on how to handle a cheque bounce case and come out victorious.

Step 1: Initial Communication

When a cheque bounces, the bank provides a ‘cheque return memo’, stating the reason for non-payment. Upon receiving this, the payee should immediately contact the drawer. This could be a case of a simple misunderstanding or error, which can be resolved amicably.

If the drawer fails to make the payment, the payee should send a legal notice through a lawyer within 30 days of receiving the cheque return memo. The notice should demand payment and explain the consequences of non-payment.

Step 3: Filing a Complaint

If the drawer does not make the payment within 15 days of receiving the notice, the payee has the right to file a criminal complaint under Section 138 of the Negotiable Instruments Act. The complaint must be filed within 30 days.

Step 4: Court Proceedings

The court will conduct a trial where both parties present their case. It’s crucial to have all the necessary documents, including the bounced cheque, cheque return memo, legal notice, and its postal receipt.

Step 5: Verdict

If the court finds the drawer guilty, they can be penalized with imprisonment up to two years, a fine which can be twice the cheque amount, or both.


Navigating a cheque bounce case can be complex, but with the right knowledge and legal advice, it’s possible to resolve successfully. Always remember, each case is unique, so what worked for one might not work for another. Therefore, it’s always advisable to consult with a legal professional when dealing with such matters.

Remember, the key to winning a cheque bounce case is patience, proper documentation, and the right legal counsel. Stay informed, stay prepared!

Please note that this article is for informational purposes only and should not be considered as legal advice. Always consult with a legal professional for advice on your specific situation.

Finding A good Lawyer for your Case

Finding a good lawyer is crucial to ensure you receive the best possible legal representation and guidance throughout your case. Here are some steps to help you find the best lawyer in India:

  1. Identify Your Needs: Understand the nature of your case and the type of lawyer you need. For a cheque bounce case, you would need a lawyer who specializes in banking and finance law.
  2. Ask for Recommendations: Ask friends, family, or colleagues for recommendations. They might have had a similar legal issue and can suggest a lawyer who helped them.
  3. Online Platforms: Use online platforms like LawRato, Legally India, and LawTendo to find lawyers in your area. These platforms allow you to filter by specialization, location, and experience.
  4. Consultation: Once you have shortlisted a few lawyers, schedule consultations with them. This will give you an opportunity to discuss your case, understand their approach, and assess their competence.
  5. Experience and Track Record: Check the lawyer’s experience, especially in handling cheque bounce cases. Look at their track record and success rate.
  6. Fees: Discuss the lawyer’s fees upfront. The cost can vary based on the lawyer’s experience, reputation, and location.
  7. Comfort Level: Finally, choose a lawyer with whom you are comfortable discussing your case and who shows interest in working with you1.

Remember, the lawyer-client relationship is crucial in any legal case. So, take your time to find the right lawyer for your needs. Good luck!

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